Much like a successful football team, a classroom “team” must have a well-designed “playbook” in order to encourage independence and direction following, increase opportunities to learn important skills, and limit problem behavior. The classroom playbook should include daily procedures and routines such as:
- Entering classroom
- Unpacking/putting away items
- Lining up to exit classroom
- Fire Drill procedures
- Assembly procedures
- Preparing for mealtimes (washing hands/ retrieving meals)
- Bathroom procedures
- Transition to/from large group activities
- Transition to/from individual/small group activities
- Going to/coming back from individual therapy (Speech, OT, PT)
- Clerical procedures (attendance, lunch count, papers to office)
When all staff members know exactly what is expected (including the teacher) everyone benefits…..especially the students! Carefully designing routines and procedures that will encourage direction following and independence can prepare students for lesser-restrictive environments! Here are some considerations when creating your “plays”:
- Where should staff members be physically located?
- What prompting procedures should staff members utilize? When?
- What signals or cues will the instructional leader use to alert and/or communicate with staff members during procedures/routines?
- What are the specific responsibilities for each staff member during each routine/procedure?
- Will there be specific procedures/routines for individual students? Which staff members will be responsible?
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